Agent: 代理

A person authorized to act on behalf of another person, the “principal.”


Appraiser: 评估师

Determines the value of hard to value assets – such as a business, real estate, or various types of collections – for tax purposes, as well as to assist the trustee in establishing values for distributions.



Beneficiary: 受益人

A person entitled to receive benefits from the trust. The trust’s assets may be distributed outright to the beneficiary, or they may continue to be held in trust for the beneficiary.


Decedent: 死者

The deceased person. 已故的人。

Estate Planning Attorney: 遗产规划律师

The point-person for the trust administration, assisting the trustee with the inventorying of assets, preparation of estate tax (Form 706) and other tax returns, making of tax elections, and distribution of trust assets as provided under the trust document. Often, the estate attorney coordinates the interaction of other professionals needed for the trust administration.


Executor: 执行人

In the case of individuals who have died intestate, the person playing the role of executor is often called the administrator or personal representative.


Financial Planner: 理财规划师

Assists the trustee or estate planning attorney in valuing securities, re-titling assets and making distributions to the beneficiaries.


Funding a Trust: 信托注资

Transferring ownership of property to a trust.


Gift: 赠予

A voluntary, gratuitous transfer of property made to another person.


General Partner: 一般合伙人

One or more persons carrying on a business for profit as a partnership or limited partnership, having personal liability for all debts of the partnership, and, if in a limited partnership, having control of operations of the partnership.


Intestate: 无遗嘱而逝

Each state has their own set of laws dealing with the procedure to be followed when an individual dies without a Will.


Life Insurance Agent: 人寿保险代理人

Assists the trustee or estate planning attorney in obtaining death benefits that may be payable to a beneficiary or the trust itself.


Limited Partner: 有限合伙人

One or more persons associated in a limited partnership, having no personal liability for the debts of the partnership beyond his or her partnership investment, and having no direct control over operations of the limited partnership.


Living Probate: 生前认证

Most people typically think of “probate” as something that happens after you die. However, court proceedings can also occur while you are alive and is referred to as a “living probate.” A living probate can arise if you become mentally or physically disabled. A living probate is often referred to as either a “guardianship” or “conservatorship.” A guardian is someone appointed by the Court to look after the incapacitated person. A conservator is someone appointed by the Court to look after the assets of an incapacitated person.


Power of Attorney: 授权书

A document authorizing one person, the “agent,” to act on behalf of another person, the “principal.” Also, referred to as “Attorney-in-Fact.”


Principal: 委托人

A person who has appointed another person, his or her “agent,” to act on his or her behalf.


Probate: 遗产认证

The legal process which transfers legal title from the decedent to the appropriate recipient of the property. This process is necessary when someone dies with a will or no estate plan in place.


Successor Trustee: 继任受托人

Any person appointed to handle a trust after the death or disability of the trustor. 被指定在受托人死亡或者丧失行为能力后处理信托事务的人。

Survivor Trustor/Trustee: 在世信托人/受托人

If the trust was a joint trust and the death was the first one for the couple, the surviving spouse is known as the surviving trustor. If the surviving spouse continues in his or her role as manager of the trust, then he or she also acts as the surviving trustee. In some situations, a co-trustee is appointed to act with the surviving spouse, or a third party takes over as trustee after the death of the first spouse.


Trustee: 受托人

The person who manages assets owned by a trust under the terms of the trust.


Trustor: 委托人

The creator of a trust.


Trust Administration: 信托管理

The process of following a trust’s instructions after the death of the grantor. For example, a trust may provide for funding of sub-trusts.